Sinusitis - is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses (hollow cavities that are located in the bones that surround the nose) due to an allergy or a viral or bacterial infection. It is usually accompanied by inflammations of the nasal mucosa (more commonly known as rhinosinusitis).
How many kinds of Sinusitis exist?
In general, sinusitis is considered to be:
- Acute. Lasts less than four weeks.
- Sub-acute. Lasts between 4 and 12 weeks.
- Chronic. Lasts more than 12 weeks.
Causes of sinusitis
The paranasal sinuses are usually sterile cavities, i.e., in which there is no bacterial microorganism. This is because the secretions produced in the breast move continuously by small cilia that are in the cells of the epithelium that covers it and drain through a small hole into the nasal cavity.
There are three factors why sinusitis occurs.
- Obstruction of the exit orifice, due to an inflammation of the mucosa due to infection or an allergy.
- Reduction of the movement of the cilia, and that ordinarily clean the breasts when mobilizing the respiratory secretions. This occurs in some diseases of genetic origin, but also due to exposure to tobacco, some medicines, chemical compounds, infections, allergies, among other factors.
- The increase in the viscosity of secretions that occurs in some diseases such as cystic fibrosis.
When one or several of these factors occur, the secretions are retained inside the breast and become infected, producing acute sinusitis.
The most frequent cause of sinusitis are viruses, mainly rhinoviruses, adenoviruses, and influenza viruses (influenza) or parainfluenza; among others.
Risk factors for sinusitis
Specific factors increase of suffering from sinusitis.
- Age: Both young people and older adults are more susceptible to sinusitis.
- Gender: Normally women are more likely to have sinusitis than men.
- Environmental factors: For example, traveling at high altitudes, or air pollution.
- Smoking: This increases the possibility of suffering sinusitis, occurs in both active and passive smokers.
- Specific activities: for example, swimming in polluted water.
- Due to various medical conditions: They increase the possibility of suffering from sinusitis, such as having suffered from a cold and the prolonged use of certain medications.
How to treat sinusitis?
To treat sinusitis, the choice of antibiotic depends very much on the degree of resistance that bacteria have in each country or region. Short-term infections appear and heal in a matter of days or weeks. Long-term or chronic infections continue for months or come back again and again.
There are surgical procedures that take a long time to recover and are painful. In this case we recommend using solutions based on 100% natural seawater, having a high concentration of salts and coming into contact with the nasal mucosa, naturally causes a water secretion, since its PH it is higher and extracts the water from the nasal cells, deflating them and diluting the accumulated viscous mucus.
Always remember to perform daily nasal hygiene and maintain a healthy lifestyle to prevent complications in your health.